Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical evaluation of fruit pulp of Tamarindus Indica linn.
AbstractTamarind is fruit of plant which is botanically known as a Tamarindus indica Linn., belonging to Caesalpinaceae subfamily of Fabaceae. In Ayurveda, Tamarind (Amlika) is used to treat Arsha (piles), Gulma (abdominal lump), Yakshma (tuberculosis) etc., which indicates it high medicinal value traditionally. Pharmacognostical standardization of fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica is necessary as it is highly potent commercially. Pharmacognostical study is the preliminary step in the standardization of crude drugs. The present study established macro and microscopic characteristics, physicochemical values, and phytochemical screening of fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica. Microscopy showed presence of thin-walled elongated to polygonal paranchymatous cells, long fibro-vascular bundles, starch granules, thin walled fibers and numerous prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate. Physicochemical analysis revealed loss on drying 16.8% w/w, total ash content 4.7% w/w, Acid insoluble ash 10.6% w/w, water soluble extractive 83.6% w/w and alcohol soluble extractive 67.8% w/w. Phytoconstituents like carbohydrates, alkaloids, amino acids, phenols and glycosides were found present in aqueous and methanolic extracts of pulp. These parameters may serve as standard data for quality control studies of pharmaceutical preparations made from the fruit pulp of T. indica.
The author hereby transfers, assigns, or conveys all copyright ownership to the International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine (IJAM). By this transfer, the article becomes the property of the IJAM and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the IJAM.
This transfer of copyright also implies transfer of rights for printed, electronic, microfilm, and facsimile publication. No royalty or other monetary compensation will be received for transferring the copyright of the article to the IJAM.
The IJAM, in turn, grants each author the right to republish the article in any book for which he or she is the author or editor, without paying royalties to the IJAM, subject to the express conditions that (a) the author notify IJAM in advance in writing of this republication and (b) a credit line attributes the original publication to IJAM.