A review on Sandhigatavata and its Management Principles
In the Ayurvedic classics the aetiopathogenesis and symptomatology of Sandhigata vata is described in concise form. Clinically the description of Sandhigata vata explained in the classical texts is similar to the condition osteoarthritis in modern science. Sandhigatavata is described under Vatavyadhi in all the Samhitas and Sangraha Granthas. In Vriddhavastha, all Dhatus undergo Kshaya, Thus leading to Vataprakopa and making individual prone to many diseases. Among them Sandhigatavata standsÂ top in the list. Having the symptoms like pain, swelling, crepitus, and restricted joint movements. Ayurveda highlighted degenerative diseases under the concepts like â€œDhatu saithilyamâ€ and â€œDhatu kshayamâ€. Sandhigata Vata is one of such disease, which needs a specific target of therapeutic intervention to check or slow down the process of â€œDhatu kshayaâ€ and to pacify Vata. Sandhigatavata may be correlated with degenerative joint disease or Osteoarthritis, which in turn cripples the patient to the maximum, extends and reduces the total working capacity of the person. It limits everyday activities such as walking, dressing, bathing etc., thus making individual handicapped
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