A Critical review on Pharmacodynamics of Basti Chikitsa and its action on Enteric Nervous System
Ayurveda being an ancient science it has developed through many experiences and experiment in medicines. Panchakarma therapy is a very imperative and essential part of Ayurvedic treatment. Panchakarma (Vaman,Virechan, Nasya, Anuvasan & niruha) practices to get complete cure of disease, Basti is the main treatment as it possesses a wide spectrum of effects and is thought to be the Ardhachikitsa (50% of all treatment modality) in Ayurveda. Though Basti is given in the Pakvashaya (Rectum and Colon) its active ingredients i.e. â€œVirya of the Bastiâ€ spreads in the entire body to get desire action. BastiVirya may act through enteric nervous system (ENS). The gastrointestinal system has a network of nerve fibres, which is known as â€˜Enteric Nervous System (ENS). Similar to brain, ENS sends and receives impulses; record experiences and responds to various stimuli.
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