The Concept of Cholelithiasis as Per Ayurvedic Text
Keywords:Cholelithiasis, Pttashmari, Bigol, Shashwat
Cholelithiasis (gallstone formation) results from a combination of several factors, including super saturation of bile with cholesterol, accelerated nucleation of cholesterol monohydrate in bile, and bile stasis or delayed gallbladder emptying due to impaired gallbladder motility. In India it is more common in women in north, north-east and east as compared to other zones in the country. The disease Gall Stone has not been described directly in Ayurvedic classics. The word Ashmari in Ayurveda stands for stone which is described only in the context of Bastigat Ashmari (urinary calculi). After analyzing the Ayurvedic texts it was found that the bile secreted from gall bladder can be correlated with Accha Pitta mentioned in Ayurveda due to the similarity in location and function. The pathogenesis of the disease occurs due to the abnormal formation of Kapha during the process of digestion and its vitiation due to Vata. The present article deals with description of formation of gall stone from the Ayurvedic perspective. Along with this the specific remedy for gall stone according to Ayurveda is also described.
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