Lead Poisoning Frequency and its Associated Factors
Background: Despite wide range of measures to control lead pollution in recent decades, this heavy metal poisoning remains as a health problem in all societies particularly industrialized communities. In this study, frequency of lead poisoning and its related factors in 2-12 years old children in Kashan-Iran were evaluted. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 150 healthy children referred to health centers to receive routine health care. Samples were selected based on cluster. Serum lead levels determined by atomic spectroscopy. Results: The mean lead levels in children were 9.27±9.55µg/dl. The frequency of lead poisoning was 30.0% and it was related to moderate social status (OR=1.72, 95%CI=1.04-2.86, p=0.03) and weak economic status (OR= 3.12, 95%CI=1.69-5.56, p<0.001). There were no significant relation between age, gender and place of residence and lead poisoning. Conclusion: Lead poisoning was found to be prevalent and is related to the socio-economic situation.
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