Misinterpret of a unique clinical presentation named "Soo ul qinya" in Traditional Persian medicine with "Anemia"
In Traditional Persian medicine resources, soo ul qinya is one of the liver diseases that also named as pre-dropsy. The search for articles published suggests that the Soo ul qinya disease is equivalent to the anemia without any explanation. The aim of the present article is to verify this claim. A review study was conducted at 2018 on all 906 books and among credible texts of traditional medicine that have been registered on Noor Islamic software. Also, the term anemia in reference books was investigated. Moreover, "soo ul qinya" and "anemia" keywords were used for strategic searches in PubMed, Scopus and Since Direct, web of sciences, SID and Irandoc. After critical appraisal of books and articles, the required information was collected and these materials were contrasted accurately, they were compiled in the form of an article. Soo ul qinya is a difficulty in liver function and appearing weakness in it as liver could not doing its normal function and not producing good and desirable materials for feeding the body and Anemia refers to a low level of hemoglobin in the blood, which can be caused by very low levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin deficiency in blood cells. Etiology and signs and symptoms of soo ul qinya and anemia are sometimes similar and sometimes different but full compatibility between two diseases not found. Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin deficiency that can be caused by very low levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin deficiency in blood cells. However, soo ul qinya is defined as the inability of the liver to produce blood that deserves supplying foods to the cells of the body. There is a fundamental difference between anemia and soo ul qinya in this comparison because we know that the transfer of food components like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and micronutrients occurs by the plasma, not by hemoglobin and soo ul qinya cannot be equivalent to anemia.
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