Drugs abuse and increase in referral to hospital to prevent recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer infection
Keywords:Diabetes, Drug Abuse, Diabetic foot Ulcer, Recurrence of ulcer infection, Smoking
Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the complications of diabetes. This study was aimed to determine drugs abuse and increase in referral to hospital to prevent recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer infection. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional analytical descriptive study, 1693 patients with diabetes between 2015-17 were enrolled. Files of this number of diabetic patients admitted to khatam-ol-Anbia hospital in shoushtar city were studied. Data were entered into SPSS software version 18 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, analytical tests. Results: In this study 1693 patients with diabetes mellitus with a mean age of 52.13 ± 53.22 years. In the case of diabetic foot ulcers, 9.5% of the patients had diabetic foot ulcers and 4.8% had a history of amputation and 2.4% of the patients had a history of surgery on their diabetic ulcer. In this study, a significant relationship was found between education level and diabetic foot ulcer (p <0.003). Also, there was a significant relationship between limb amputation and drug abuse or smoking (P = 0.009). In this study, patients who had drug and smoking or smoking 4.3% more than those who did not consume, they were referred to the hospital to prevent recurrence of foot ulcer infection. In this study, there was a significant relationship between drug abuse or smoking and the rate of surgery in diabetes mellitus (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Given that in this study, patients who had drug and smoking or smoking 4.3% more than those who did not consume, they were referred to the hospital to prevent recurrence of foot ulcer infection. In this study, there was a significant relationship between drug abuse or smoking and the rate of surgery in diabetes mellitus. Therefore, there is a suggestion to reduce the consumption or abandonment of drugs and smoking.
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