The Effect of Pender Model on Elderly Health Promotion Behaviors in Iran
Background: The statistical indices show rapid aging in Iran’s population. World health organization considers physical activity as the health index in a society. Therefore, one of the best ways to evaluate the health of the elderly is the evaluation of functional status in daily life. Pender health promotion is an appropriate framework to help you diagnose and understand the effective factors on physical activity promotion behaviors. Aim of this study is evaluating the effectiveness of Pender model on elderly health promotion behaviorsreferring towelfare centers. Method: The present study is a quantitative and semi-experimental study. 95 elderly were investigated using multi-stage sampling method in an intervention group and control group.In order to collect data, a physical activity questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire "Pender Health Promotion Model for Physical Activity" were used. After confirming the validity of the questionnaire by the experts, in order to determine the reliability, a questionnaire was provided to 50 elderly people and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient 88 was obtained. For statistical analysis, t-test and correlation were used in the software SPSS 16. Result:The results showed that there was no significant difference between the physical activity of the elderly in the experimental and control groups before intervention, but after intervention, physical activity of the experimental group showed a significant increase (p <0.001). Conclusion: According to the results, it is recommended that from all nine proposed constructs that are in the form of a Healthy Phenomenor Model should be used in the educational interventions planning to promote health behaviors, including physical activity.
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