A Systematic Review about Educational Interventions based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) aimed to prevent and control diabetes in Iran

  • Reza Sadeghi
  • Fatemeh Baghernezhad Hesary
  • Narges Khanjani
Keywords: Systematic review, Diabetes, Health Belief Model, Intervention


Background: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases in the world and a serious health problem, that requires comprehensive interventions. This systematic review was conducted to summarize educational interventions based on the Health Belief Model aimed to prevent and control diabetes. Methods: Searches were done on May 30, 2019 in PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Embase, Scopus, SID, Magiran, and IranMedex databases in English and Persian. The inclusion criteria included quantitative original interventional studies that aimed to control type 2 diabetes, and the intervention was based on the Health Belief Model. Studies done outside of Iran, interventions on other types of diabetes, non-interventional studies, and reviews were excluded. Results: Eventually, 13 studies (6 English and 7 Persian articles) entered this systematic review. The intervention durations were from 2 to 3 months. These studies fell into three broad categories: 1- Prevention of the disease 2- Improving Nutrition behaviors in patients 3-Prevention of disease complications or its progress. All of the educational interventions showed a positive effect for education on the prevention and control of diabetes. Conclusions: Interventions based on the HBM have shown an effective role in controlling and preventing diabetes.

Author Biographies

Reza Sadeghi

Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran

Fatemeh Baghernezhad Hesary

PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinates of Health Research, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

Narges Khanjani

Professor, Neurology Research Center,  Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Review Articles