Study of the Effects of Planned and Written Training on Anxiety in Neurosurgical Patients
Background & Aim: Anxiety and depression are considered as important complications before surgery. Given the importance of reducing anxiety in patients nominated for surgery, different methods are conducted for this purpose, that patient training is one of these methods, this study was performed with the aim of influence of planned and written education on anxiety in patients scheduled for neurosurgery. Material and Methods: This study was an experimental that 90 neurosurgery patients were randomly divided into 3 groups of planned, written and control training. At the first stage, all patients responded to 40 questions of Spielberger anxiety questionnaire and then intervention was performed in the planned and written training groups. Then assessment of anxiety in patients after training was conducted in three groups. In order to analyze the data, in addition to calculate the mean and standard deviation, independent t-test and ANOVA were used. Results: The results showed that there is no difference between the average anxiety of patients before the training (P> 0.05). But there is difference between patients anxiety in the three groups after the test (P <0.05). And by comparing the mean, it was shown that mean anxiety in two planned and written training groups is decreased after training. Conclusion: Given that nurses play an important role in the investigation and relief of patients anxiety, and compared to other members of the healthcare team spend more time with patients undergoing surgery, the planned training method must therefore be considered to provide effective support to reduce anxiety before surgery.
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