Some risk factors and effective agents on cardiovascular diseases incidence: The cross-sectional study in three cities in Southwest of Iran
Introduction: Among the chronic diseases, cardiovascular disease is the most important and most common cause of death in many countries. The aim of this study was to determine some risk factors and effective agents on cardiovascular diseases incidence by studying the cases of 705 patients referred to the hospital of 22 Bahman in Masjed Soleyman that were residing in Masjed Soleyman, Lali and Andika. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional analytical descriptive study, 705 cases of patients with cardiovascular disease admitted to the Masjed Soleyman Hospital of 22 Bahman that lived in the Masjed Soleyman, Lali and Andika, which were studied for 3 years from 2016 to 2018. Data were then entered into SPSS software version 20 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, analytical tests and significant level of P <0.05. Results: The study sample included 705 cardiovascular disease patients with a mean age of 63.84 ± 14.83. 12.6% of patients had a history of smoking, 98.7 percent of patients used the drug, 2.3% had a history of vision problems, 12.8% had a history of kidney problems, 6.4% had a history of digestive problems, 16.9% had congestive heart failure, 25.7% MI, 24.1% HTN, 25.7% UA, 5% bradycardia and 2.7% had a tachycardia. Cardiovascular disease is also found in people with a poorer economic status, lower education, people with family history of heart disease, smoking (especially unstable angina and myocardial infarction), positive troponin (especially in unstable angina and myocardial infarction), had a history of pulmonary and renal problems there were statistically significant more than others (P> 0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that cardiovascular disease is also found in people with a poorer economic status, lower education, people with family history of heart disease, smoking (especially unstable angina and myocardial infarction), positive troponin (especially in unstable angina and myocardial infarction), had a history of pulmonary and renal problems there were statistically significant more than others. Therefore, it is necessary to take necessary educational measures to reduce some of these risk factors.
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