Explaining the role and relationship between spiritual intelligence and hidden anxiety and test anxiety in students: Application of path analysis

  • Pouriya Darabiyan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9529-1730
  • Saeed Ghanbari
  • Hajar Sadeghi
  • Zeinab Jamshidi
  • Fereshteh Hadi
  • SimaSadat Ghaemi Zade
  • Alireza Rafi
  • Shahram Molavynejad
Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, Hidden Anxiety, Test Anxiety, Students, Iran

Abstract

Objective: Spiritual intelligence is manifested when a person spends his life in complete spirituality. Anxiety and test anxiety are among the most common psychological and emotional problems during student life that have a negative impact on students' mental health and academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to explain the role and relationship between spiritual intelligence and hidden anxiety and test anxiety. Methods: This analytical study was performed on 503 nursing and midwifery students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran (2018) using the available sampling method. King spiritual intelligence scale, Sarason's test anxiety scale, and Spielberger Anxiety Questionnaire were used to collect data. To analyze the data, statistical methods of path analysis and correlation coefficients were used. Results: The overall effect of test anxiety variable on spiritual intelligence variable is 0.1632 and the overall effect of hidden anxiety variable on spiritual intelligence variable is -0.07. Spiritual intelligence has a significant relationship with test anxiety, so that with increasing mental intelligence, test anxiety is decreased. While in the case of significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and hidden anxiety, with increasing spiritual intelligence, hidden anxiety is also increased. There was no significant relationship between hidden anxiety and test anxiety. The two variables of hidden anxiety and test anxiety have a very weak effect on spiritual intelligence. The effect of hidden anxiety is not significant at all, and the effect of test anxiety is very weak, although being significant. Conclusion: High spiritual intelligence indicates lower test anxiety, while it is inversely related to hidden anxiety. As a result, high spiritual intelligence does not indicate less hidden anxiety in individuals. So it cannot be said for sure that spiritual intelligence plays an important role in reducing anxiety.

Author Biographies

Pouriya Darabiyan

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Saeed Ghanbari

Assistant professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Hajar Sadeghi

PhD Student in Nursing, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Zeinab Jamshidi

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Fereshteh Hadi

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

SimaSadat Ghaemi Zade

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Alireza Rafi

MSc Student of Nursing, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Shahram Molavynejad

Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Disease, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Published
2020-10-02
Section
Research Articles