Application of Ayurvedic Principles in Prevention and Management of Behavioural Problems in Children
Introduction: Behavioral problems are commonly prevalent worldwide. It is important to diagnose and treat timely as if untreated, increase the risk of getting psychiatric illnesses. Present review is aimed at providing Ayurvedic guidelines in the form of Sadvritta (Code of conduct), Achar rasayan-AR (ethical principles) and few Ayurveda interventions corelating with recently developed interventions of Psychology which may prove helpful in prevention and management of behavioral problems in children. Material and Methods: This review is based on data collected from classical Ayurvedic literature, published research works in various journals and counseling experiences. Observations and Results: Behavioral problems are generally multi-factorial in origin and arise as a result of conflict between the children’s personality, attitudes of parents, teacher or peers. Counseling with family and adoption of Ayurveda principles can manage and prevent further progress of behavioral problems in children. Satvavjay Chikitsa-SC (non-drug psychotherapy), Achar Rasayana and Sadvritta, Yog are Ayurvedic ways to balance Satva (good qualities of mind), (Passionate, agitated), Tama (Laziness, lack of concentration) applicable in prevention of behavioral problems. Conclusion: Ayurvedic principles such as AR, Sadvritta and SC are best non-pharmacological modalities required for early detection and prevention of behavioral problems. Knowledge, education and proper expressions of code, conduct or etiquettes along with Ayurveda interventions such as use of Medhya (nervine tonic/nootropic) drugs, Panchkarma pre-procedures can prove to be a significant therapeutic way to combat behavioral disorders.
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