Genotoxic, antigenotoxic and protective evaluation of Musalyadi churna by chromosomal aberration assay in Swiss albino mice
Keywords:Genotoxicity, Musalyadi Churna, Chromosomal aberration, Mice, Cyclophosphamide
Ayurveda is an ancient science of life that uses a wide range of formulations or herbal compounds to treat various diseases. Each drug must be scientifically, pre-clinically, and clinically evaluated in order to gain global acceptance. As part of the safety evaluation process, regulatory authorities around the world require data on new drug genotoxic potential.MusalyadiChurna(MSDC) is a classical Ayurvedic formulation in herbal powder dosage form consisting of eight ingredients of herbal origin and indicatedin the treatment infertility. This herbal combination may be useful, however mixture of substances can be dangerous and genotoxic, causing harm to living cells' genetic material and resulting in mutations that induce serious issues for the host, such as cancer and birth defects; consequently, genotoxicity testing is essential.The study aimed to evaluate the genotoxic, antigenotoxic and protective properties of MusalyadiChurnaagainst the bone marrow of albino mice. MusalyadiChurna's genotoxicity were assessed using the "Mammalian Bone Marrow Chromosome Aberration assay," and the classical powder's antigenotoxic and protective activities against cyclophosphamide-induced genotoxicity in mice were also assessed using the same assay.Mice were administered MusalyadiChurna orally for four weeks at a dose of 25 mg/25 g mouse. Cyclophosphamide was utilized as a mutagen, and a single dose of 50 mg/kg b.w. was given intraperitoneally (i.p.) 24 hours after the final dose of MusalyadiChurna in the pre-treatment regimen and 24 hours before the first dose of MusalyadiChurna in the post-treatment regimen.The chromosomal aberration assay revealed that the herbal compound formulation MusalyadiChurnaat 1000 mg/Kg body wt. had no genotoxic activity against the bone marrow of Swiss albino mice. Using the same experiment, the formulation demonstrated both protective and antigenotoxic properties against Cyclophosphamide-induced mutagenicity in mice.Further research should be to capitalize on MusalyadiChurna’s potential as an alternative source of natural compounds to treat genotoxic problems.
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