An Ethno medical Survey on the Traditional Medicines and Methods Using for the Treatment of Arshas (Haemorrhoids) in Sri Lanka
Arshas (Heamorrhoids) is one of the most common ailments in Sri Lankan society. Most of the people suffering from Arshas have great faith in Ayurvedic and Traditional treatments. According to literature survey there are many preparations for the Arshas done by using herbs and materials which could be found from our natural surroundings. The traditional medical practitioners' select the drugs based on a rational theory and empirical knowledge obtained by trial and error. Some traditional physicians of Sri Lanka claim to have special treatments known only to them or to the trusted members of the family, or the most eminent and trusted of the physician.
Objectives: This survey conducted to find out the most using formulations, treatment methods and commonest drugs used for the disease of Arshas of the traditional physicians in Sri Lanka.
Methods: In this survey ethno medical data was collected from thirty four traditional physicians residing in Uva province in Sri Lanka by using a questioneer.Results: The main methods of treating the disease Arshas was Kashaya (Decoctions), Churna (Powders), Alepa (Pastes), Avagaha (Sitz baths), Arishta, Asava and Dhuma (fumes). The most common herbs of treating the Arshas were Gotukola (Centella asiatica L.), Kohila (Lassia spinosa L.), Mun (Vigna radiate), Umbalakada (Maldive fish) and Ratu Araliya (Plumeria autifoloa P.)
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