Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of Jati patra (Jasminum grandiflorum Linn.)

  • Dhulappa Mehatre Ayurveda
Keywords: Jati, Jasminum grandiflorum Linn, Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical.

Abstract

The Jati  patra (Jasminum grandiflorum Linn.) belongs to the Oleaceae family. It is a widely grown plant throughout India. It has tikta, kashaya (bitter, astringent) rasa, ushna veerya (hot in potency), katu vipaka (pungent) and laghu (light), snigdha (unctuous), mridu (smooth) guna (properties). It is used for the management of Vrana (wounds), Mukha roga (oral cavity diseases), Netra roga (eye diseases), kustha (all types of skin diseases) etc. In spite of extensive utility, such study was not carried out. Hence, an attempt has been made to analyze it for its pharmacognostical and preliminary phyto-chemical screening by using different analytical tests. Transverse section of leaf shows, single layer of epidermal cells with unicellular trichomes, starch grains, 10 to 14 stomatal cells, 16.5m stomatal index, 10 to 16 per sq. mm Vein islet and vein termination number an average of 15 to 16 per sq. mm palisade cells.  Its leaf indicates maximum solubility in 90% Ethyl alcohol. Preliminary phyto-chemical analysis shows the presence of carbohydrates, tannins, sterols, flavanoids, saponins, alkaloids, etc.

Author Biography

Dhulappa Mehatre, Ayurveda

Lecturer Dravya Guna Dept 

N.K.Jabshetty ayurvedic medical college and PG centre manahalli road Gumpa Bidar 585403 Karnataka state.

Published
2013-12-09
Section
Research Articles