Pharmacognostical and phytochemical screening of an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant â€˜Karunthakaliâ€™ (Solanum rubrum Mill)
The presence of phytochemicals and the medicinal value of the Ayurvedic medicinal plant Karunthakali or Karimthakali (Solanum rubrum Mill) is investigated in detail for the first time, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Phytochemical compounds are identified from the samples extracted from the leaf, root and seed of the plant, using standard methods. The ash values of the plant leaf are obtained. Alkaloids, flavanoids, anthronol glycosides, terpenes, carbohydrates, saponins and proteins are found present in this plant parts. Tanins, Free amino acids, Free Anthroquinone and Cartenoids are absent in this plant. Presence of high mineral content is the unique identification observed in this plant. The preliminary investigation of phytochemical study of this plant confirms qualitatively its antimicrobial, antiviral, antidiarrhoel, anthelmintic and anticancer activity.
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