Pharmacognostic investigations of Achyranthes aspera Linn.
Keywords:Pharmacognostic investigations, Achyranthes aspera, Rosette, Anisocytic, Stone cells, Anomocytic
Aims & objective: Some pharmacognostical investigations were carried out on the leaves, stems and roots of Achyranthes aspera Linn to record parameters for identifying and differentiating various species of Achyranthes.
Methods: The research specimens were authenticated and preserved both in fresh and dry forms. The leaves and stems were morphologically screened followed by anatomical studies with the aid of Labphot 2 microscopic units. Powder microscopy and micrometric studies, including leaf constants, were performed using suitable tools and reagents under different magnifications.
Important observations and results: The leaves were petiolate and opposite, decussate, elliptic-obovate, acute apex with decurrent base, abaxial surfaces which turned blackish on storage, and had irritant smell with a slightly bitter taste. The vein islets were squarish and polygonal. Covering and glandular trichomes; anisocytic and anomocytic stomata were evident. Anomalous secondary growth of xylem and phloem in stem and roots; Vessels were helical, spiral and pitted; rosette shaped calcium oxalate crystals were also evident.
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